RiboCop

IGF2BP1 promotes SRF-dependent transcription in cancer in a m6A- and miRNA-dependent manner

Simon Müller, Markus Glaß, Anurag K Singh, Jacob Haase, Nadine Bley, Tommy Fuchs, Marcell Lederer, Andreas Dahl, Huilin Huang, Jianjun Chen, Guido Posern, Stefan Hüttelmaier

Nucleic Acids Research, doi:10.1093/nar/gky1012

The oncofetal mRNA-binding protein IGF2BP1 and the transcriptional regulator SRF modulate gene expression in cancer. In cancer cells, we demonstrate that IGF2BP1 promotes the expression of SRF in a conserved and N6-methyladenosine (m6A)-dependent manner by impairing the miRNA-directed decay of the SRF mRNA. This results in enhanced SRF-dependent transcriptional activity and promotes tumor cell growth and invasion. At the post-transcriptional level, IGF2BP1 sustains the expression of various SRF-target genes. The majority of these SRF/IGF2BP1-enhanced genes, including PDLIM7 and FOXK1, show conserved upregulation with SRF and IGF2BP1 synthesis in cancer. PDLIM7 and FOXK1 promote tumor cell growth and were reported to enhance cell invasion. Consistently, 35 SRF/IGF2BP1-dependent genes showing conserved association with SRF and IGF2BP1 expression indicate a poor overall survival probability in ovarian, liver and lung cancer. In conclusion, these findings identify the SRF/IGF2BP1-, miRNome- and m6A-dependent control of gene expression as a conserved oncogenic driver network in cancer.

Features RiboCop rRNA Depletion Kit V1.2 (Human/Mouse/Rat)

Frequent lack of repressive capacity of promoter DNA methylation identified through genome-wide epigenomic manipulation* REVIEW

Ethan Edward Ford,Matthew R. Grimmer, Sabine Stolzenburg, Ozren Bogdanovic, Alex de Mendoza, Peggy J. Farnham, Pilar Blancafort, Ryan Lister

Biorxiv, doi:10.1101/170506

It is widely assumed that the addition of DNA methylation at CpG rich gene promoters silences gene transcription. However, this conclusion is largely drawn from the observation that promoter DNA methylation inversely correlates with gene expression. The effect of forced DNA methylation on endogenous promoters has yet to be comprehensively assessed. Here, we conducted artificial methylation of thousands of promoters in human cells using an artificial zinc finger-DNMT3A fusion protein, enabling assessment of the effect of forced DNA methylation upon transcription and histone modifications, and the durability of DNA methylation after the removal of the fusion protein. We find that DNA methylation is frequently insufficient to transcriptionally repress promoters. Furthermore, DNA methylation deposited at promoter regions associated with H3K4me3 is rapidly erased after removal of the zinc finger-DNMT3A fusion protein. Finally, we demonstrate that induced DNA methylation can exist simultaneously on promoter nucleosomes that possess the active histone modification H3K4me3. These findings suggest that promoter DNA methylation is not generally sufficient for transcriptional inactivation, with implications for the emerging field of epigenome engineering.

Features RiboCop rRNA Depletion Kit V1.2 (Human/Mouse/Rat)

eIF5A is an essential protein involved in protein synthesis, cell proliferation and animal development. High eIF5A expression is observed in many tumor types and has been linked to cancer metastasis. Recent studies have shown that eIF5A facilitates the translation elongation of stretches of consecutive prolines. Activated eIF5A binds to the empty E-site of stalled ribosomes, where it is thought to interact with the peptidyl-tRNA situated at the P-site. Here, we report a genome-wide analysis of ribosome stalling in Saccharomyces cerevisiae eIF5A depleted cells using 5Pseq. We confirm that, in the absence of eIF5A, ribosomes stall at proline stretches, and extend previous studies by identifying eIF5A-dependent ribosome pauses at termination and at >200 tripeptide motifs. We show that presence of proline, glycine and charged amino acids at the peptidyl transferase center and at the beginning of the peptide exit tunnel arrest ribosomes in eIF5A-depleted cells. Lack of eIF5A also renders ribosome accumulation at the stop codons. Our data indicate specific protein functional groups under the control of eIF5A, including ER-coupled translation and GTPases in yeast and cytoskeleton organization, collagen metabolism and cell differentiation in humans. Our results support a broad mRNA-specific role of eIF5A in translation and identify the conserved motifs that affect translation elongation from yeast to humans.

Features RiboCop rRNA Depletion Kit V1.2 (Human/Mouse/Rat)